ENTORNO DE DOÑANA

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Entorno de Doñana
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Espacios naturales en el Bajo Guadalquivir.
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Entorno de Doñana
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Bajo de Guía.
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Las salinas de Sanlúcar de Barrameda.
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Entorno de Doñana
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Entorno de Doñana
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Entorno de Doñana
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The Doñana Natural Park includes parts of the provinces of Cadiz , Huelva and Seville . It contains a wide range of eco-systems and is close to the Doñana National Park , considered to be Europe 's best ecological reserve. It has a total surface area of 53,709 hectares , 3,400 of which belong to the province of Cadiz.


It was declared a Natural Park in 1989 in order to soften any possible impact on the National Park and contains a wealth of important natural and cultural items. It partially forms part of the "Doñana Biosphere Reserve" (1986) and has been a Special Protection Zone for Birds (ZEPA) in 2002.

The zone consists of pine forests (Pinar de la Algaida ), salt marshes (Bonanza Marshes), together with tributaries and channel of the River Guadalquivir which used to flood the salt marsh. This landscape is currently noted for its horizontal aesthetics and a bluish tone from the morning mists.

The Bonanza Marshes, situated near to the mouth of the Guadalquivir , are a strip of natural salt marshes that are flooded when the tide comes in, unlike the rest of the River Guadalquivir marshland that nowadays only receives water from the rain. These marshes are between El Pinar de la Algaida and the river bank, and are fundamental for wintering birds in dry years.

The Doñana Natural Park has areas of great ecological interest, such as the protected El Tarelo Lagoon or the Hidalgo or Los Portugueses saltpans, both of which are of great interest in terms of the Park's water birds.

La Algaida was nearly entirely replanted by a pine forest created by man in the 19th century and where wood was collected and pinecones from the umbrella pine. The El Lucero Shrine stands there, where traces of various cultures have been found.

Want to know more? ATLANTISAN - TRAS LA HUELLA DE LA ATLÁNTIDA VISITAS DOÑANA
Want to know more? ATLANTISAN - TRAS LA HUELLA DE LA ATLÁNTIDA VISITAS DOÑANA

General information

Towns and Regions: Trebujena, Sanlúcar de Barrameda

Extension: 3400 hectares Date of declaration: 18/01/1989

Fauna

The Doñana salt marshes are home to the flamenco, stilt birds, pied avocet, red-crested pochard, greylag goose, the white stork and the black stork.

Other species of birds to be found in the umbrella pine forests are greenfinches, pigeons, Sardinian warbler, Great tit, etc. Special mention should be made of the birds of prey, such as the black kite or golden eagle.

The fauna of the Doñana Natural Park also includes and is enriched by other animal species, such as the mongoose, fox, wild boar, red crab or chameleon, the latter being in danger of extinction.

Flora

The Doñana Natural Park acts as a protective belt around the National Park and has two clearly differentiated zones: Wetland along the River Guadalquivir and its tributary, and another wooded area, which is La Algaida. The umbrella pine is the predominate vegetation in the second of the zones. These trees were repopulated in the 19 th century, as was the case of other areas of the province of Cadiz.

On the other hand, the Park has a wide variety of Mediterranean scrub, consisting of species such as rosemary, thyme, red lavender, rockrose, broom, furze and lentisk.

The Tarelo Lagoon is home to unusual vegetation consisting of reeds, bulrush, African tamarisk and a small thicket of white popular.

Interest Points

  • Las chozas de Doñana Las chozas de Doñana
    Las "chozas de Doñana" son uno de los tipos de vivienda más primitivo que se localizan en Andalucía. Con ellas se conseguía protección frente a las inclemencias del tiempo imperantes en esta zona, creando en su interior un espacio confortable, fresco en verano y templado en invierno. Las "chozas" son construcciones efímeras, economicas, para cuya fabricación se utilizan materiales naturales que se encuentran en el entorno más próximo, gracias a lo cual su integración en el paisaje es máxima. Es el recubrimiento vegetal el elemento primordial que le da su aspecto característico.

    Location

    Municipality: Sanlúcar de Barrameda

Information services

  • Contact data

    Description

    El Parque Natural Doñana es un espacio en el que se incluyen masas forestales de pinos, marismas, más o menos transformadas, y tramos de brazos y caños del río Guadalquivir que antiguamente inundaban la marisma. Se encuentra fuera de los límites del Parque Nacional Doñana y comparte con éste el hábitat de diversas especies animales y vegetales.

    En la localidad gaditana de Sanlúcar de Barrameda se encuentran las marismas de Bonanza, muy cerca de la desembocadura del Guadalquivir. Se trata de una franja de marisma natural que se inunda con las mareas, a diferencia del resto de las marismas del Guadalquivir que ya sólo reciben el agua de lluvia de algunos cauces. Todavía actualmente en estas marismas existen salinas que son visitadas por el flamenco y la avoceta para buscar refugio y alimento.

     

Trails

  • Cerro del Águila Cerro del Águila

    En la otra orilla del Guadalquivir, Doñana sigue siendo un espacio cargado de riquezas.

    Este sendero descubre parte de ellas, ofreciendo un recorrido por una zona en la que campean numerosas especies. La ruta permite asistir al encuentro entre los dominios del mar y la tierra, aquellos en las que la industria salinera ha prosperado;  otear desde dunas fósiles las vistas del río y la otra orilla enfrente; y apreciar las sutilezas de una vegetación que tiñe de matices verdes este itinerario.

    Especial relevancia posee la laguna de Tarelo por ser refugio de muchas aves, entre las que es posible observar malvasías,  porrones o somormujos junto con zampullines y fochas. En cuanto a vegetación, durante el itinerario tendremos la  oportunidad de observar principalmente grandes pinos y sabinas.

    Si necesitas más información sobre este sendero y los demás de la Comarca Costa Noroeste, entra aquí. Puedes consultar la ficha técnica de cada uno de ellos, verlos en Google Earth y descargarte los tracks para GPS.

     

    Trail Information

    lenght: 4100 meters Duration: 1.5 Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Desde Sanlúcar de Barrameda tomar la carretera secundaria CA-9027 en dirección a La Algaida. Esta carretera llega hasta la entrada del Pinar de Monte Algaida, donde comienza el sendero.

     

Map

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