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Type: Ave Species: Serinus Serinus Family: Fringílidos Order: Paseriformes Weight: 8-11 g Length: 11-12 cm Wingspan: 20-23 cm

General information




During the mating season, it is mainly found in trees, preferring small woods and deciduous trees to forests, from sea level to the tree line.

It prefers long leafy avenues, parks and gardens and lives in cities and towns. Even in the countryside, it prefers to be near farmsteads and villages. Fruit orchards and high hedges, as well as vineyards, are its favourite habitat.

Characteristics features


In spring, the male has bright yellow feathers on his forehead, over his eyes, near his neck and above all over his underparts, from the chin to the belly, and on the rump.

The pileum, the back and the wings are dun with brown speckles of dark brown. Its flanks are light beige and with dark dun speckles. The tail is black and very low. It has a very short, strong and conical beak, dark bone in colour, paler in the lower jaw. Its feet and legs are dark dun. The female usually has less yellow and is more brown.




They do not usually fly at a great height, but rather flutter between trees which they sing or trill. When they are ready to mate, they fly more like a bat than a bird.




They mainly live off plants. The tiny seeds of parasite or grass plants make up the majority of their winter diet. In spring, they eat the tender shoots of many trees and shrubs.




The Greenfinch makes a small nest out of hay, moss, lichens and spiders webs, lined with plant down, feathers, horsehair and wool. It lays between 3 to 4 white eggs with a few reddish brown spots in April or May.

Only the female sits on the eggs and the incubation period lasts 13 days. During the first part of the time in the nest, the male feeds the female and chicks, which fly after between 14 to 16 days.