Paterna de Rivera

Paterna de Rivera

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  • Paterna de Rivera
  • Paterna de Rivera
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History

The AREA is known to have been inhabited by various different peoples since the Neolithic period, and these settlers probably took advantage of its medicinal waters -Gigonza and Fuente Santa springs-; however, it was not until Roman times that the village as we know it today began to take shape. It seems certain that the origin of its name dates back to this period, deriving from Paternus, meaning "paternal", probably becoming "villa Paterni" before reaching its present-day denomination.
The Romans were followed by the Byzantines and the Visigoths, though the Arab occupation of the village was the most significant. After the Christian conquest, Paterna"s lands came under the control of the Enriquez de Ribera family, the lords of Alcala de los Gazules. The official founding of the village, along with the establishment of its Town Hall, took place in 1503 thanks to the initiative of Don Francisco Enriquez de Ribera, and it was given the name Paterna de Ribera, its inhabitants paying taxes to the House of Ribera as well as to Alcala de los Gazules Village Council. The village did not receive its independence until 1825.
One of the most characteristic forms of flamenco song, la Petenera, originated in Paterna de Rivera.

Eminent citizens

Dolores La Petenera, 19th century. Flamenco singer.