Chiclana de la Frontera
The most famous Herculean temple built by the Phoenicians is supposed to have once stood here: the sanctuary to the god Melkart, on the island of Sancti Petri. This sanctuary was visited by Hannibal and Julius Caesar.
Chiclana's history continues in 1303 when king Fernando IV donated this, then uninhabited, place to Alonso Pérez de Guzmán "El Bueno" (The Good) with the intention to populate it. The Dukes of Medina Sidonia, successors of Pérez de Guzmán, would be the town's lords until the 19th century.
During the War of Independence, the population was wiped out. The area also witnessed the famous Battle of Chiclana, where the joint efforts of the Spanish army under General La Peña combined with British troops commanded by General Graham defeated the French forces intent on capturing Cadiz, where the famous Cortes (Government assemblies) were being held.
Among its tourist attractions, special mention must be made of La Barrosa Beach and Fuente Amarga Health Spa, with its medicinal waters.
It is also considered to be one of the birthplaces of Flamenco song.